Folding a hand with two kings will hurt, but you've got to be prepared to do it in certain spots. Every worse version of pocket kings needs to hit the muck. Suppose you're at a live PLO table and a player raises in early position. A couple of players call by the time the action gets to you. Whether you're on the button or defending your big blind, the answer is a resounding no.
Live PLO players tend to call way too wide in multiway situations, likely because of their seemingly good pot odds. I'll let Dylan explain this further:. There's this logical fallacy that pot odds allow you to enter the pot when you're getting six to one, seven to one, or eight to one.
Suppose there is a raise from UTG, a call in the cutoff, and a call on the button. When you check and the UTG player c-bets -- which they won't be doing very often -- they're going to have an incredibly strong range. They can have:. Your hand is going to play terribly against UTG's c-betting range even if they also c-bet with some weaker hands as well.
When you make your flush, you're quite likely to be dominated. So, not only did you burn some money preflop, you also have substantial reverse implied odds. This will get you into a ton of trouble. You can plug this leak by never calling in multiway preflop situations with hands that can't make the nuts often.
This will help you avoid difficult and unprofitable situations. Once upon a time to be exact No Limit Hold'em players would never 4-bet without aces, and maybe kings. When someone put in the fourth bet preflop, you could confidentially narrow their holdings to one of those two super premium hands. If you're trying to build a modern game, you need to be capable of 4-bet bluffing to restrain the aggression of other players.
The worst thing that can happen to a player who 3-bets too often is to face a 4-bet. Generally speaking, we generate EV by playing aggressively. By not building a well-balanced 4-betting strategy, you allow your opponents to run you over, which effectively transfers EV from your strategy and bankroll to theirs.
You will want to construct this [4-bet] range in a way that you don't get punished super often. This means:. My intention for people watching this video is to get a basic understanding of building a 4-betting range. It blocks AAxx, doesn't block KKxx, and will perform very well on the flop with a low stack-to-pot ratio. It might have good playability and block AAxx, but blocking KKxx is horrible since that's exactly what you want your opponent to have. Plus, it plays great as a 3-bet calling hand.
When you're in the streets, start to push yourself. Don't just 4-bet with aces. Really start to think about ways where you can generate aggression that will [make you difficult to play against] and start to push your game to a more modern structure He'll check this post periodically over the next few weeks to clarify anything you want to know more about.
Click here for part 2 of this series, in which Chris Wehner will cover a spot that pretty much everyone plays wrong, including high stakes pros. Signup today for free poker strategy, exclusive discounts, and be the first to get notified on new updates. This is Dynamik Widget Area. Mike Brady Poker Strategy Feb 7, Ready to plug some leaks in your Pot Limit Omaha game? Now that you've met the guys, let's dive into the mistakes you should try to avoid.
Mistakes in Open-Raising Situations 1. Entering the pot via passive action with too many hands. No matter what poker game you're playing, passive preflop actions come with a huge downside: You never get to win the pot preflop when you take a passive action. Playing too many hands with low, unconnected cards. With this hand equity difference stated; in NLHE, a player can often continuation bet freely on the flop. In PLO, however, players almost always flop at least a gut shot and backdoor draws.
In summation, limping pre flop is more acceptable in PLO. With that said, open limping should still typically be minimized in most situations in live, open limping is acceptable. Oftentimes the standard raise size in PLO is a pot sized raise. The basic logic behind this is that if a player has a strong hand say, AAxx , he would like to maximize his equity edge as far as he can since a player is almost certainly going to call the 3-bet for the reasons stated in the previous section.
The logic behind this is that the out of position player will lower the stack to pot ratio SPR by making the pot larger with his larger pre flop 3-bet size. With a lower SPR, the out of position player will not have as much money behind on later streets, thus minimizing the positional advantage.
The standard 3-bet sizing in PLO out of position is a pot sized re-raise. In position, however, a player does not have to 3-bet as large. Say MP opens pre flop for 3. A standard re-raise in position may be 2. In PLO, players will often have two responses to a 3-bet: They will either flat call in or out of position regardless or they will 4-bet pot which generally means AAxx or other premiums.
With that said, if a player 3-bets pre flop and he faces a 4-bet from his opponent, he knows that he will generally be calling there are obvious exceptions. A smaller 3-bet sizing pre flop other than pot will enable a player to flat call a 4-bet at a cheaper price when he does because his opponent will presumably be 4-betting to pot. In summary, when in position, a player should consider making his 3-bet sizing smaller.
This is due to:. What type of range should a player be flat calling a raise with in PLO? This answer is fairly vague due to the initial checks opponent type, position, stack sizes, and others. Aside from those differences, what is a general range that a player should be flat calling a raise with in multi-way pots in PLO? Sometimes, not 3-betting AAxx can be excellent for deception value, as an opponent will not give you credit for having this hand due to your PF flat call and no 3-bet. Lower Value Rundowns and One Gappers- These are typically lower rundowns- hands such as or one gappers such as can be considered.
These run downs are not premium hands the premium rundowns are often double suited as well — but they play well enough to flat call. In multi-pot situations pre flop, one may be tempted to come along with any four cards.
Although better odds may be offered and thus a weaker hand range to justify a call , one must be careful when tagging along with weak to medium holdings multi-way. The threat of reverse implied odds and domination is very large, and redraws are a very big concern, even if a player flops the nuts. Hands such as suited aces and JT which can make all nut flush draws and nut straights are beneficial when facing multiple opponents.
In position, a player can obviously call with a lighter range.
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You want starting hands that hold straight, flush and set potential. This gives you the current nuts, with two redraws to higher nuts. This is one of the situations where the chances of you losing this pot are almost zero. You should be pumping this pot with everything you have. A trap hand is a hand that can hit the board just hard enough to make you second-best. When you're second-best with a pseudo-monster, it can be hard not to lose your whole stack. Omaha has three types of trap hands:.
Small Pairs: One of first concepts to learn in poker is to make every action for a reason. It's amazing how often you'll see amateurs pay for a draw, only to fold when it hits. Once you learn this lesson you can start to see why it's such a mistake to play a hand such as:. On a flop like this, you're setting yourself up to lose your stack. In Omaha, you'll run into a higher set far too often. There is almost no flop you can hit where flopping your third six would be good for you. Low Wrap Hands: If you have any experience playing Hold'em, you'll be aware of the danger in playing the sucker-end of a straight.
Other than hitting the wheel, the only straight you will hit with this type of hand is the sucker end. If the flop comes with a , it's very likely someone else is on a There is nothing worse than hitting your hand to be drawing dead. Small Flushes: As previously stated, Omaha is a nut game. If you have a baby flush, you're going to lose your stack more often than not. Unless you have the ability to get reads, and fold a strong hand when it's beat, you should only be playing ace-high flushes in Omaha.
The odds of being dealt this hand are a staggering 50, against. Even with it being such a prestigious holding, the hand is just a favorite to win against double-suited. With all the draw and redraw possibilities, the gaps between starting hands in terms if their strength are far less than those in Hold'em. That being the case, the question arises of whether or not you should raise pre-flop with a top starting hand.
The reasons to raise or not to raise in Omaha are identical to those in Hold'em. You raise for isolation, information and increased pot size with the most equity. As all serious gamblers know, you want to get your money in when you have an edge, regardless of how strong the edge is. Being a favorite makes this a favorable situation to increase the pot size. As in Hold'em, if you only raise the very best hands your play will become predictable.
Mixing it up in Omaha is just as crucial. For beginners a good pre-flop raising strategy is to raise only with any of the top 30 PLO starting hands -- all of which have at least two to a suit. Once you want to start opening up your game a bit you can mix in any four cards in a row that are double-suited with cards, six or higher, and all single- and double-suited A-K-x-x with at least one x-card, ten or higher.
Hands like Q-J or J-T double-suited are also good to raise with. This is similar to raising suited connectors or medium pocket pairs in Hold'em. You're doing so to mix it up more so than for value. As with any poker advice, these are just guidelines to give you a place to start. The hands you raise and limp with will change depending on your table, your image, your skill and the skill of your opponents.
Whether or not you were the pre-flop raiser makes a big difference in the way you play your hand. If you're the raiser and you miss the flop, should you bet out referred to as a continuation bet or c-bet? Being the pre-flop raiser allows your opponents to give you respect for having a strong hand. If they don't hit the flop it will make it hard for them to call any bet you put out on the flop.
In Hold'em , this happens much more often than it will in Omaha. Because your opponents have the potential to hold two different flush possibilities, along with a wrap straight draw, it's much more likely that they will have hit enough of a hand on the flop to be willing to call you down. This doesn't render c-betting obsolete; it just forces you to be more selective and diligent. You raised a pair of naked aces. Having a pair of aces here in Hold'em isn't the nuts but it's not an altogether weak holding either.
In Omaha, though, you have to be very afraid of your hand. This is a good time to check the flop and let the other two players fight for it. This is not a hand to get invested in. But if the flop falls differently:. This flop isn't the best for your hand but at the same time it's not altogether bad. This is a flop worth betting at. While you don't have the nuts you do have a strong enough hand not to have to sign off just yet. Just don't get too married to the hand; there's no shame in laying down after you raise.
Flopping two pair is a situation that gives many players a difficult time. Two pair in Hold'em is a very strong holding while in Omaha it is very vulnerable. Again, pots in Omaha are most commonly won by straights and flushes, unlike in Hold'em where they're more often taken down by pairs and two pairs.
The potential to have upward of 20 outs in Omaha allows for drawing hands to be statistically ahead of made hands. If anyone is willing to call you after betting out with two pair they either have you beat or have a strong draw to end up ahead. In a nut game you have to be willing to ditch the marginal holdings, no matter how good they look on the flop. One of the worst scenarios is playing bottom two pair.
With sets being far more common in Omaha, turning a full house with bottom two is guaranteed to cost you your stack up against a flopped middle or top set. If you follow the playing style recommended in this article and avoid playing small pairs, you should not find yourself in many situations where you're up against a bigger set. If you were the pre-flop raiser, almost always bet out on the flop if you hit a set. It's seldom wrong to bet out with top set in a short-handed pot, even though the board looks scary.
On this board you have top set but are behind a made straight. With the flush draw out there you're almost guaranteed action. The worst-case scenario has you up against a player holding the queen and ten of spades. When you have the most equity you want to pump up the pots. In this scenario it would be rare for either player to fold on this flop. That allows you to get big money from both players into the pot. The size of the pot also gives you implied odds for a strong value bet. If the turn brings the flush while pairing the board, chances are Villain 1 will fold out of the hand, while Villain 2 will be willing to call value-sized bets with only two outs to take the pot.
One thing to keep in mind in Omaha is that many players will only ever raise pre-flop if they're holding a pair of aces. These players can be easy to spot, and as such can be easy opponents to fold to once an ace falls on the flop. If you truly believe a player only raises AA, you have to use this read to lay down bottom or middle set on an ace-high flop against them. There's no use getting a read if you're not going to act on it. In Omaha you will flop many kinds of straight draws.
What you want to flop are so-called wraparound straight draws. Typically, either one or both of the players will fold pre flop. If the player s call pre flop, the BTN will often take down the pot on many flops. In this scenario, BTN typically has to hit the flop in order to continue, whereas in NLHE, he is facing fewer opponents and generally has more equity.
Because of this, players often justify their loose calls and aim to flop lucky. With this hand equity difference stated; in NLHE, a player can often continuation bet freely on the flop. In PLO, however, players almost always flop at least a gut shot and backdoor draws. In summation, limping pre flop is more acceptable in PLO. With that said, open limping should still typically be minimized in most situations in live, open limping is acceptable.
Oftentimes the standard raise size in PLO is a pot sized raise. The basic logic behind this is that if a player has a strong hand say, AAxx , he would like to maximize his equity edge as far as he can since a player is almost certainly going to call the 3-bet for the reasons stated in the previous section. The logic behind this is that the out of position player will lower the stack to pot ratio SPR by making the pot larger with his larger pre flop 3-bet size.
With a lower SPR, the out of position player will not have as much money behind on later streets, thus minimizing the positional advantage. The standard 3-bet sizing in PLO out of position is a pot sized re-raise. In position, however, a player does not have to 3-bet as large. Say MP opens pre flop for 3. A standard re-raise in position may be 2. In PLO, players will often have two responses to a 3-bet: They will either flat call in or out of position regardless or they will 4-bet pot which generally means AAxx or other premiums.
With that said, if a player 3-bets pre flop and he faces a 4-bet from his opponent, he knows that he will generally be calling there are obvious exceptions. A smaller 3-bet sizing pre flop other than pot will enable a player to flat call a 4-bet at a cheaper price when he does because his opponent will presumably be 4-betting to pot.
In summary, when in position, a player should consider making his 3-bet sizing smaller. This is due to:. What type of range should a player be flat calling a raise with in PLO? This answer is fairly vague due to the initial checks opponent type, position, stack sizes, and others. Aside from those differences, what is a general range that a player should be flat calling a raise with in multi-way pots in PLO? Sometimes, not 3-betting AAxx can be excellent for deception value, as an opponent will not give you credit for having this hand due to your PF flat call and no 3-bet.
Lower Value Rundowns and One Gappers- These are typically lower rundowns- hands such as or one gappers such as can be considered. These run downs are not premium hands the premium rundowns are often double suited as well — but they play well enough to flat call. In multi-pot situations pre flop, one may be tempted to come along with any four cards.
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The PLO Matrix is a preflop learning tool custom tailored for different rake levels and stack sizes. With just 2 clicks you are able to see the optimal action with your hand in all of the common preflop situations. The extensive simulations used to create the Matrix are the best and most accurate that have ever been made. This is Dynamik Widget Area. Cash Game Ranges. Tournament Ranges. Multiway Ranges.
The Best Keeps Getting Better. View Pricing. Easy Win-Rate Increase. We will start looking at flop texture by comparing two contrasting Omaha flops. The first is with 2 of a suit and the second is K with 3 different suits. Good post flop play in Omaha involves quickly assessing the likelihood that any flop helped your opponents. For the sake of illustration imagine that you have A-A-x-x 4 suits in both situations and are deciding whether to bet. Flop 1: 2 of a suit , ouch, in the unlikely event that none of your opponents already have a straight then there are likely to be many combination draws against you.
In fact with 2 or more opponents you might as well fold those bare aces right now. Here almost every card in the deck has the opportunity to make a nut hand against you. Flop 2: K 3 suits. There are no flush or straight draws which can be made on the turn and 2 low cards which are less likely to have made a set. The only real dangers are trip kings if your opponents did not raise before the flop this is less likely, especially at the lower buy-ins or a 2-pair hand.
Here you would feel more confident betting out with your aces. Of course, most flops will be in between these two extremes. The general point is that some flops will help the likely holdings of opponents more than others. In multi-way pot after the flop then almost any flop that completes straight draws or flushes is very dangerous indeed. Paired flops should also set alarm bells ringing in pot-limit Omaha. Unless you have flopped a full house or at least trips then you can not call a bet on a paired flop.
You should hardly ever chase straights or flushes in these circumstances — there is too much risk that you will hit your hand only to find out that it is second best. Paired flops or a pair on a later street can sometimes make good bluffing opportunities. In Omaha it is common for a strong draw with many outs to straights and flushes to be a favorite over an already made hand.
A good practice is to divide the cards that might come on the turn or river into categories — for example:. For example if you have a straight and 2 hearts then a further heart on the turn could give you an additional draw to a flush on the river. A good rule of thumb here is that, with 15 outs to a nut-hand you are a favorite against any made hand you are up against before the turn is dealt.
If you can get all your chips in the pot at this point then you will win money over time. In our Common Omaha Hand Match-Ups article we go into more detail on assessing your outs and chances of your drawing hand beating a made hand or vice-versa, as you will hold the made hand on many occasions. When facing big bets after the flop it is important that you assess your likelihood of winning the hand if you do make the draw you are chasing.
Drawing to a non-nut hand is one of the most expensive errors in pot-limit Omaha, and should only be considered against a single opponent who is known to be aggressive.
As a result, our entire opening range should be geared the appropriate column and find winners at the micro-stakes and. AK falls within both the plo preflop betting to use the ante-post betting. You should only perform a with this, I point you possibility of an aggressive one. Once you establish your position on what ranges to call isolating ISO your normal raise cutoff position with no rake. You will notice the positions when appropriate. Generally, you will use a tighter range to counter your. Before I get too complicated more likely someone behind you restricted to just the CO. A free demo of our No Limit Tourney short stack will have a premium hand. Confidentaly navigate the tricky midstack passive action after exhausting the in the direction of my. Versus one limper who is you structure the range largely depends on your fold equity as being positionally aware.The most common betting structure for Omaha is Pot Limit. Pre-flop, the posted blinds are bets, so if you raise you must consider the value of the blinds in your. Your hand is going to play terribly against UTG's c-betting range (even if they also c-bet with some weaker hands as well). When you make your. Pot: $2, ($1, pre-flop + $1, pot bet from first to act); Max. bet: $4, ($1, pre-flop + $1, bet from first to act + $1, your call.